Charles Rennie Mackintosh (7 June 1868-10 December 1928) was
a Scottish architect, designer, water colourist and artist. He was a designer in the Post-Impressionist movement and also the main representative of Art Nouveau in the United Kingdom. He had considerable influence on European design. He was born in Glasgow…
Mackintosh was apprenticed to a local architect John Hutchison, but in 1889 he transferred to the larger, more established city practice of Honeyman and Keppie.
To complement his architectural apprenticeship, Mackintosh enrolled for evening classes at the Glasgow School of Art where he pursued various drawing programmes.
In the 1890s he was part of ‘The Four’ – an informal grouping with the English sisters Margaret and Frances Macdonald and James Herbert McNair – that produced some of the most inventive decorative art and graphic design of the period. His major achievements include his masterpiece The Glasgow School of Art, the villas Windyhill and The Hill House, Scotland Street School, and a series of city-centre tea room interiors. In common with many of his contemporaries he believed that the architect was responsible not just for the fabric of a building, but for every detail of its interior design. http://www.glasgowmackintosh.com/mackintosh
Despite this success and with his undoubted influence abroad, Mackintosh’s work met with considerable indifference at home and his career in Glasgow declined. Few private clients were sufficiently sympathetic to want his ‘total design’ of house and interior and he was incapable of compromise.
In 1923 the Mackintoshes left London for the South of France where Mackintosh gave up all thoughts of architecture and design and devoted himself entirely to painting landscapes. He died in London, of cancer, on 10 December 1928.
Design Museum~ https://designmuseum.org/designers/charles-rennie-mackintosh#toggle-submenu
Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society~ https://www.crmsociety.com/