Artist Birthday Quiz for 10/22~

What artist, whom Picture Post magazine called “the greatest war photographer in the world”, died in Vietnam when he stepped on a land mine in 1954?

What artist coined the term Combines for his non-traditional materials and methods which blurred the division between painting and sculpture?

Answers here~ https://schristywolfe.com/2015/10/22/october-22/

Mary Blair: Born October 21, 1911

Her vibrant colors and stylized designs pervade Disney animated films from 1943 to 1953 (such as THE THREE CABALLEROS, CINDERELLA, ALICE IN WONDERLAND AND PETER PAN). A prolific artist, during the 1950’s and 60’s she brought eye-appealing flair to children’s books (I CAN FLY), advertisements, theatrical set designs, and large-scale theme park murals and attractions (such as Disneyland’s IT’S A SMALL WORLD).

Though much of her art veers away from naturalism toward abstraction, she was one of Walt Disney’s favorite artists; he personally responded to her use of color, naïve graphics, and the storytelling aspect in her pictures…
About Mary~ http://magicofmaryblair.com/about-mary.htm

Biography~ http://www.californiawatercolor.com/pages/mary-blair-biography
MARY BLAIR (1911-1978)~ http://www.sullivangoss.com/mary_Blair/

Peter Max: Born October 19, 1937

When Go-Go Met Day-Glo”
“LIFE Magazine, September 5, 1969: A Portrait of Peter Max as a Very Rich Man”
Biography~ https://www.parkwestgallery.com/artist/peter-max

Born in Berlin in 1937, Max and his family fled Nazi-Germany to Shanghai where he would spend the first 10 years of his life. It was here where Max’s father, a reputable businessman, and mother first began to notice his artistic talents. The pair hired the daughter of a street vendor to conduct art lessons and serve as a nanny. Max began his formal art training at the Art Students League of New York in Manhattan…

Kerry James Marshall: Born October 17, 1955

“For me,” he said in his MCA Chicago lecture, “the thing that has the greatest transformative capacity in the art world today, in terms of what people expect to see when they go to the art museum, is a painting that has a black figure in it, because 95 percent of all the other paintings you see are going to have white figures in them. The whole history of representation is built on the representation of white folks. Now, all of that stuff is good, so you have to figure out how to get good like that, and then get in there on the terms that are relevant for now.” Marshall has done this “from the ground up,” as Metropolitan Museum curator Ian Alteveer put it, working through historical styles and genres, including Rococo love scenes, large-scale history paintings, and Impressionist plein air fetes.
http://www.artnews.com/2016/03/02/the-painter-of-modern-life-kerry-james-marshall-aims-to-get-more-images-of-black-figures-into-museums/?singlepage=1

http://www.metmuseum.org/exhibitions/listings/2016/kerry-james-marshall
http://hyperallergic.com/310477/how-kerry-james-marshall-rewrites-art-history/
http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/Collection/artist-info.35534.html#biography

Maya Lin: Born October 5, 1959

Although chiefly known as a sculptor, Lin also has worked on several architectural projects, which often have been noted for their emphasis on sustainability. Some of the high-profile works in this realm include the Langston Hughes Library (1999) and the Museum of Chinese in America in New York City (2009). Never one to fall into artistic complacency, Maya Lin has also created What Is Missing?, a multimedia, multi-location project that focused on bringing awareness to habitat loss.

For her life’s work, Lin was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 2009, and a film about the artist, Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision, won the 1994 Oscar for best documentary. Lin has served as a board member of the National Resources Defense Council and a member of the World Trade Center Site Memorial design jury. In 2016, she was honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Barack Obama.   https://www.biography.com/people/maya-lin-37259

Maya Lin Bio~ http://www.pbs.org/becomingamerican/ap_pjourneys_bio5.html
Maya Lin Studio~ http://www.mayalin.com/
Making the Memorial by Maya Lin~ http://www.nybooks.com/articles/2000/11/02/making-the-memorial/
6 Memorable Designs by Architect Maya Lin~
https://www.architecturaldigest.com/gallery/maya-lin-book-topologies

Winsor McCay: Born September 26, 1867?

WinsorMcCayBiography~ http://www.bpib.com/illustrat/mccay.htmLittleNemo
Winsor McCay: His Life and Art: San Francisco Silent Film Festival~ http://www.silentfilm.org/archive/winsor-mccay-his-life-and-art
Dream of the Rarebit Fiend~ http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-century-old-comic-strip-devoted-to-cheese-fueled-nightmares
Little Nemo in Slumberland~ http://www.gocomics.com/little-nemoTime


9 Films of Winsor McCay~
http://mentalfloss.com/article/54989/beyond-gertie-9-films-winsor-mccay

Esphyr Slobodkina: Born September 22, 1908

Esphyr Slobodkina was born in Chelyabinsk, Russia in 1908. The youngest of five children, Slobidkina’s family left there home in 1919 and moved to Vladisvastok to avoid the Russian Revolution.

Slobodkina immigrated to New York in 1928 using a student visa and began attending the National Academy of Design…Over time, she grew to enjoy a composition class taught by muralist Arthur Sinclair Covey (1877-1960). Through his teachings, she met painter and fellow student Ilya Bolotowsky (1907-1981), whom she married in 1933…Bolotowsky encouraged Slobodkina to evolve her Impressionist style toward abstraction, which would become her primary genre…Slobodkina and her husband amicably divorced in 1938.

She had a significant career change after meeting children’s author Margaret Wise Brown. The two women became fast friends, and Slobodkina began illustrating Brown’s books, beginning with her Big and Little series and continuing until Brown’s death in 1952. In 1940, Slobodkina published her most famous children’s book, Caps for Sale, which “pioneered the use of contemporary abstract forms in children’s books”…Slobodkina [also] maintained an active painting and sculptural career.

The Slobodkina Foundation, an organization designed to promote free programs, scholarships, readings and performances of Slobodkina’s children’s books was created in 2000…Slobodkina died in 2002 in Glen Head, New York at the age of 93.
http://www.sullivangoss.com/esphyr_Slobodkina/

Slobodkina Foundation: Honoring the Life and Work of Esphyr Slobodkina
Art Through the Decades
Esphyr Slobodkina’s books

 

Arthur Rackham: Born September 19, 1867

owl

Arthur Rackham was born September 19, 1867, in London, England. He studied at the Lambeth School of Art, was elected to membership in The Royal Watercolour Society and the Société Nationale des Beaux Arts, and became Master of the Art Workers’ Guild. Books he illustrated include Rip Van Winkle (1905), Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens (1906), Alice in Wonderland (1907), and many other children’s books and classics throughout the years until his death in 1939. His last work, The Wind in the Willows, was published posthumously. He won gold medals at Milan (1906) and Barcelona (1911), and his books and original art are now collected worldwide.
The Arthur Rackham Society~ http://arthur-rackham-society.org/

arthurrackhamwithcatsBiography~ http://www.bpib.com/illustrat/rackham.htmPigAlice
The Golden Age of Illustration: Arthur Rackham~ http://www.peterharrington.co.uk/blog/the-golden-age-of-illustration-arthur-rackham/
Style, Subjects, Technique, and Technology~ https://www.cmich.edu/library/clarke/ResearchResources/Childrens_Material/Arthur_Rackham/Pages/Style,-Subjects,-Technique,-and-Technology.aspx

H. A. Rey: Born September 16, 1898

ReyArt

ha_monkeyHans Augusto Reyersbach was born on September 16, 1898, in Hamburg, Germany.  As a child he liked to draw and spent much of his free time at the nearby zoo…Rey also devoted many moments of class time sketching in his notebooks…By the war’s end, Hamburg’s economic state suffered and without steady employment Rey discovered he couldn’t afford to enroll in an art school…By lithographing circus posters, Rey scraped by and studied at the University of Hamburg and the University of Munich…Rey ventured across the ocean to sell bathtubs for an import business.  He didn’t like the work, and taking the advice of another Hamburg resident living in Brazil, Rey partnered together with her to make an advertising agency.Margret&Rey

The couple found they worked well as a team and soon married.  Margaret Waldstein blended her education in art, photography, and writing with Rey’s drawing ability…From Lisbon to Brazil and onto the United States, the Reys then settled in New York.  Within a month the publishers Houghton Mifflin bought four manuscripts, including the extremely successful Curious George.  In all, the Reys developed seven adventures for the monkey.  Rey also contributed to the advancement of astronomy by creating new diagrams of constellations seen by the naked eye in a suburban setting.reyReading

Rey took up teaching astronomy at the Cambridge Center for Adult Education.  He didn’t publish many books after 1963 but the books the Reys did create have remained popular and in print.  On August 26, 1977, H. A. Rey passed away, after spending over thirty years of his life as an illustrator and author.
http://www.exodusbooks.com/author.aspx?id=502

Margret and H.A. Rey Center~ http://thereycenter.org/about-us.htmlgeorge
H.A. Rey House~ http://cambridgehistoricaltours.org/about-us/sites/h-a-rey-house/
Curious George~ http://www.curiousgeorge.com/#/books
Find the Constellations & The Stars: A New Way to See Them by H.A. Rey~
http://gophineas.com/notebook/two-enduring-star-books-for-curious-readers-by-h-a-rey/
“The Great Escape: a harrowing wartime escape and journey to the United States”~
http://www.neh.gov/humanities/2011/marchapril/statement/the-great-escape

circus

Arnold Schönberg: Born September 13, 1874

arnold_schoenbergArnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
http://www.musicacademyonline.com/composer/biographies.php?bid=83
Born in Vienna on 13 September 1874, into a family that was not particularly musical, Schoenberg was largely self-taught as a musician. An amateur cellist, he demonstrated from early age a particular aptitude for composition. He received rudimentary instruction in harmony and counterpoint from Oskar Adler and studied composition briefly with Alexander Zemlinsky, his eventual brother-in-law. Early in his career, Schoenberg took jobs orchestrating operettas, but most of his life was spent teaching, both privately and at various institutions, and composing…Schoenberg fled the poisonous political atmosphere of Europe in 1933 and spent the remainder of his life primarily in the United States, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1941.gschoenberg
http://www.allmusic.com/artist/arnold-schoenberg-mn0000691043/biography
Arnold Schoenberg’s Many Faces~ http://www.nytimes.com/1995/10/28/style/28iht-arn.t.html

schoenbergArnold Schönberg Center~ http://www.schoenberg.at/index.php/en/

Artistic Parallels between Arnold Schönberg’s Music & Painting~ essay written by Courtney Adams~ http://symposium.music.org/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=2111:artistic-parallels-between-arnold-schoenbergs-music-and-painting-1908-1912&Itemid=124