March 31~

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
art: Elias Gottlob Haussmann
Leipzig Bach Museum
bio: http://www.bach-cantatas.com/Lib/Bach-Johann-Sebastian.htm
video: https://youtu.be/BOZEj8wyj-I

 

 

 

 

 

 

Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
art:  John Hoppner
Royal Collection Trust

bio: http://www.famouscomposers.net/joseph-haydn
video: https://youtu.be/E6JVYrhbxWs

 

 

Anna Sewell: Born March 30, 1820

sewellWhile in her fifties Sewell first devised the idea to write her own book about horses. Initially intended, as she wrote in her diary, to be an instructional work to induce kindness, sympathy, and an understanding treatment of horses little did she know it would become a best-seller. Bustling Victorian London’s society, transportation and industry was dependent on horse power, but there were also emerging vegetarian and animal anti-cruelty groups. Through the trials and tribulations of Black Beauty we see a cross-section of the working conditions and quality of life for horses.
http://www.online-literature.com/anna-sewell/

Black Beauty is widely credited with helping to change the way horses were cared for. There is little doubt that the book helped hasten the abolishment of the “bearing rein” — a strap used to pull a horse’s head in toward its chest to force the appearance of a noticeable arch of the neck. BlackBeauty(This was a highly desired look in aristocratic society, but it created great pain and difficulty for the horses. The animals could not use their neck and chest muscles to pull weigh properly or to breathe correctly. The unnatural arch weakened the horses and usually led to respiratory problems.) Black Beauty also placed a harsh spotlight on the practice of “docking” or cutting short a horses tail, largely for the sake of appearances — a practice that is still widely debated.
How ‘Black Beauty’ Changed The Way We See Horses
http://www.npr.org/2012/11/02/163971063/how-black-beauty-changed-the-way-we-see-horses

Read Black Beauty online or download the free ebook:
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/271silentmovie

Free downloads of Black Beauty in Mp3 (audiobook) format.
http://etc.usf.edu/lit2go/125/black-beauty/

March 17~

Nat King Cole (1919-1965)
art:  William P. Gottlieb Library of Congress
bio: http://www.allmusic.com/artist/nat-king-cole-mn0000317093/biography
video: https://youtu.be/kGq7sgfYk1o

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rudolph Nureyev (1938-1993)
art: Jamie Wyeth
Brandywine River Museum of Art
bio: http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/opera-and-ballet/rudoph-nureyev/
video: https://youtu.be/qG7JvpPGdEU

Marian Anderson: Born February 27, 1897

Contralto Marian Anderson was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A variety of sources suggested February 17, 1902, as her birthdate; however, Anderson’s birth certificate, released by her family after her death, listed the date as February 27, 1897. Her father was an ice and coal salesman, and her mother was a former teacher.

Although Anderson had early showed an interest in the violin, she eventually focused on singing. The Black community, recognizing her talent, gave her financial and moral support. She also gained the notice of tenor Roland Hayes, who provided guidance in her developing career.
http://www.afrovoices.com/anderson.html