British artist Anthony Caro (1924-2013) was a key figure of twentieth-century sculpture. An assistant to Henry Moore between 1951 and 1953, Caro’s early sculptures and works on paper were predominantly figurative explorations of the human form. Caro began making abstract sculpture following a research trip to New York in 1959, where he was inspired by the welded constructions of David Smith and the bold colours he saw in paintings by Morris Louis; Jules Olitski; and Kenneth Noland. Upon his return to Britain, Caro began working with industrial materials, such as steel and aluminium. Bolted and welded together, his sculptures consist of assembled abstract forms, often painted in bright colours. Placed directly on the ground or gallery floor, Caro’s sculptures are firmly rooted in our direct, everyday experience. In 1963, the Whitechapel Art Gallery in London hosted Caro’s first major institutional solo exhibition, which firmly established his reputation as a leading voice in British sculpture.