July 17, 1918~ The Romanovs and several retainers are executed

Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Fjordorovna
with their daughters Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia (as a baby)
by Elena Petrovna Samokish-Sudkovskaya

[Note: Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich Romanov was not born until 1904]

1902 / Watercolor on pencil heightened with white on cardboard / 7 1/10”x12 1/5” / Private collection

Previous July 17 posts:

Summer~ July 17

Artist Birthday Quiz for 7/17~

July 16, 1956~ Last show under a “Big Top” for Ringling Bros. and Barnum + Bailey Circus

Top of the Tent by Esther Bruton

1930 / Drypoint / 8”x6” / Various, including National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

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Previous July 16 posts:

Summer~ July 16

“Redes” released on July 16, 1936 (Mexico City)

Charles Sheeler: Born July 16, 1883

Artist Birthday Quiz for 7/16~

July 5, 1852~ Frederick Douglass gives “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” speech

Frederick Douglass by Sarah J. Eddy

1883 / Oil on canvas / 64”x49” / Frederick Douglass National Historic Site, National Park Service

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Solving the Mystery of the Missing Portrait~ https://mais.gmu.edu/articles/9823
Complete text of “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?”~
https://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/document/what-to-the-slave-is-the-fourth-of-july/

Previous July 5 posts:

Summer~ July 5

Jean Cocteau: Born July 5, 1889

Artist Birthday Quiz for 7/5~

July 4, 1862~ Lewis Carroll first tells the story of Alice in Wonderland

Her Eyes Met Those of a Large Blue Caterpillar by Bessie Pease Gutmann

1907 / 10 color plates, several b&w line drawings / 8”x6”, 164 pages / Dodge Publishing Company, New York

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Illustrators of Alice in chronological order by publication~
https://www.carleton.edu/departments/ENGL/Alice/illustrators.html
The Best Illustrations from 150 Years of Alice in Wonderland~
https://www.brainpickings.org/2014/07/07/best-illustrations-alice-in-wonderland/

Also on this date
July 4, 1884: Statue of Liberty presented to US in Paris / Auguste Bartholdi, sculptor~
https://schristywolfe.com/2016/08/02/auguste-bartholdi-born-on-august-2-1834/

Previous July 4 posts:

Summer~ July 4: Declaration of Independence

Rube Goldberg: Born July 4, 1883

Artist Birthday Quiz for 7/4~

July 1, 1725~ English aristocrat and painter Rhoda Delaval is born

Rhoda Delaval and Her Brother as “Painting and Poetry” (after Bernardino Luini)
by Rhoda Delaval

1745-1757 / Oil on canvas / 59”x53” / National Trust, Seaton Delaval Hall, Northumberland

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Previous July 1 posts:

The Four Seasons: Summer

Summer~ July 1

July 1~ Willie Dixon & James Cotton

Artist Birthday Quiz for 7/1~

June 30, 1905~ Battleship Potemkin leaves Odessa, sails towards Black Sea Fleet

Poster for Eisenstein’s movie Potemkin by Dolly Rudeman

1926 / Color lithograph / 42 1/2”x25 1/2” / International Advertising & Design DataBase

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“Postering Potemkin”~ https://www.tiff.net/the-review/postering-potemkin
“Battleship Potemkin: What happened to the ship after the movie was over?”~
https://www.rbth.com/history/326276-what-happened-to-battleship-potemkin

Previous June 30 posts:

Pride Month~ June 30

Artist Birthday Quiz for 6/30~