Born January 17~ Melitta Auwaerter Schnarrenberger

Melitta Sleeping by Wilhelm Schnarrenberger, 1934

Self-portrait with Melitta by Wilhelm Schnarrenberger, 1936

The painter who signed her name “Melitta” created most of her artwork beginning when she was in her late sixties. Melitta Auwaerter was born in Pforzheim, Germany, in 1909. In 1915, her father sold his jewelry factory and moved the family to Karlsruhe. Melitta studied painting at Karlsruhe’s Academy of Fine Arts from 1927 to 1930. This is where she met her future husband, painter and professor Wilhelm Schnarrenberger (1892-1966). They married in 1930. Only a few drawings, watercolors and pastels are known to exist from the years of her marriage. The couple’s daughter Vera was born in 1931, and in 1933 the family moved to Berlin after Wilhelm lost his job at the Academy for political reasons. By 1938, the couple decided that the political situation meant it was time to move again. They went to Lenzkirch, a municipality in the Black Forest, where they opened a guesthouse. Melitta and Wilhelm divorced in 1946, and Melitta subsequently managed the guesthouse on her own. She became active in politics and social work, and from 1959 to 1977 was a member of the municipal council of Lenzkirch. As her political career wound down, Melitta at long last began to paint again. Between 1977 and her death she created over 150 paintings, mostly oils, and exhibited in a number of solo and group exhibitions. Melitta painted primarily landscapes, still lifes, and portraits. Melitta Schnarrenberger died in Lenzkirch in 1996. A memorial exhibition was held in 1997 in Schluchsee-Seebrugg.

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Image sources:
Artnet
https://www.regiotrends.de/de/staedte-gemeinden/index.foto.383571.0.html
https://www.badische-zeitung.de/malerin-melitta-schnarrenberger–10592020.html

Born January 16~ Gerta Overbeck

Gerta Overbeck was a painter, teacher, and a participant in the German New Objectivity movement
Biography on FemBio: https://www.fembio.org/english/biography.php/woman/biography/gerta-overbeck/

Six-day race Westfalenhalle Dortmund by Gerta Overbeck
1926 / Indian ink drawing on paper / 8 4/5″x11 1/4″
Museum for Art and Cultural History of the City of Dortmund, Germany

Gerta Overbeck on Artnet: http://www.artnet.com/artists/gerta-overbeck-schenk/

Further reading:
https://www.gseart.com/artist/gerta-overbeck-schenk/bio
https://www.widewalls.ch/magazine/gerta-overbeck
Google translation of “women / ruhr / history” site

Born January 15~ Marie Victoire Jaquotot

Marie-Victoire Jaquotot (January 15, 1772-April 27, 1855) was a 19th-century French painter.
Biography on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Victoire_Jaquotot

Casket for Louis XVIII’s snuffbox also contained painted miniatures to be fitted successively into the lid of the snuffbox. They were painted by Marie-Victoire Jaquotot. Details, description here:
https://www.louvre.fr/en/oeuvre-notices/casket-louis-xviiis-snuffbox

Marie Victoire Jaquotot on Artnet: http://www.artnet.com/artists/marie-victoire-jaquotot/

Further reading:
https://www.oxfordartonline.com/groveart/
Marie Victoire Jaquotot
https://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/2013/old-master-paintings-n08952/lot.287.html

Born January 14~ Berthe Morisot

Berthe Marie Pauline Morisot (January 14, 1841-March 2, 1895) was a French Impressionist painter.
Biography on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berthe_Morisot

Le Cerisier by Berthe Morisot
1891 / Oil on canvas / 60 3/5″x33″ / Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris, FR

Berthe Morisot on WikiArt: https://www.wikiart.org/en/berthe-morisot

Further reading:
https://nmwa.org/art/artists/berthe-morisot/
https://mymodernmet.com/berthe-morisot-biography/
https://blog.bridgemanimages.com/berthe-morisot-portrait-of-an-artist/

Born January 13~ Hanna Pauli

Hanna Hirsch-Pauli (January 13, 1864-December 29, 1940) was a Swedish painter.
Biography on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanna_Hirsch-Pauli

A Bavarian Peasant Girl by Hanna Pauli
1885-1887 / Oil on canvas / 35 4/5″x28 3/4″ / Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden

Hanna Hirsch-Pauli on Artnet: http://www.artnet.com/artists/hanna-hirsch-pauli/

Further reading:
https://arthur.io/art/hanna-hirsch-pauli
https://awarewomenartists.com/en/artiste/hanna-hirsch-pauli/
https://www.dailyartmagazine.com/hanna-hirsch-pauli/

Born January 8~ Elisabetta Sirani

Elisabetta Sirani (January 8, 1638-August 28, 1665) was an Italian Baroque painter and printmaker.
Biography on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elisabetta_Sirani

Virgin and Child by Elisabetta Sirani
1663 / Oil on canvas / 34″x27 1/2″ / National Museum of Women in the Arts, DC

Elisabetta Sirani on Obelisk art history project: https://arthistoryproject.com/artists/elisabetta-sirani/

Further reading:
https://www.uffizi.it/en/magazine/maestra-elisabetta-sirani-virtuosa-del-pennello
https://nmwa.org/blog/artist-spotlight-elisabetta-sirani/
https://www.cooperhewitt.org/2018/06/23/elisabetta-sirani-gem-of-italy/

Born January 7~ Marie Louisa Kirschner

Marie Louisa Kirschner (Kirschnerová) was a Czech-German painter, designer, and glass artist. Born January 7, 1952, in Prague to wealthy Jewish-German parents, she was the oldest of three sisters. The middle sister, Aloisia, went on to become a well-known author of romance novels under the pseudonym Ossip Schubin. The parents encouraged Aloisia, known as “Lola”, and Marie to pursue their artistic talents. Both received excellent educations and traveled extensively throughout Europe. Marie studied painting in Vienna, then Munich (where she participated in her first exhibitions), and then Paris.

Beginning in 1887 she moved to Berlin to live with Lola, where they hosted a popular salon for artists, writers, and musicians. Marie spent her summers in Prague. She painted primarily landscapes but did do some flower paintings and still lifes. In Berlin, Marie eventually began to concentrate more on interior design and decorative arts. Around the turn of the century, she had begun working with the Czechoslovakian art glass company Lötz Witwe, first as a painter but eventually as a designer, and this relationship lasted until 1913. Despite not being from Great Britain, Marie appeared in the 1876 book “English Female Artists” by Ellen Creathorne Clayton. She was a member of The American Women’s Club in Prague, the name of which was meant to indicate “modern”.

Marie returned permanently to Bohemia either at the beginning or the end of the First World War, depending on what source one consults. Marie died June 30, 1931 in Bohemia and was buried in the family cemetery in Prague. Aloisia died three years later and is also buried there. Neither sister had ever married. Marie Kirschner had won a number of awards at exhibitions in cities around the world. Sadly, despite the popularity they both enjoyed while alive, the sisters have faded into obscurity.

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Louisa_Kirschner
https://www.loetz.com/designers/marie-kirschner
http://www.artnet.com/artists/marie-luise-kirschner/

Born January 6~ Ruth Gikow

Ruth Gikow (January 6, 1915 Ukraine-1982 New York City) was an American visual artist.
Biography on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruth_Gikow

Interior by Ruth Gikow / N.D. / Smithsonian American Art Museum, DC

Ruth Gikow on Artnet: http://www.artnet.com/artists/ruth-gikow/

Further reading:
https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/ruth-gikow
https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/gikow-ruth
https://www.nytimes.com/1982/04/03/obituaries/ruth-gikow-artist-67-dies-caught-the-moods-of-people.html

Born January 4~ Frances H. Gearhart

Frances H. Gearhart (January 4, 1869-April 4, 1959) was an American printmaker and watercolorist.
Biography on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frances_Gearhart

Above the Trail / c.1925 / Image: 12″x10 1/16″
Various collections, including The Whitney Museum of American Art, NY, NY

Frances Hammell Gearhart on Artnet: http://www.artnet.com/artists/frances-hammell-gearhart/

“The Gearhart sisters, California artists and educators”: https://americanhistory.si.edu/blog/gearhart-sisters

Further reading:
http://www.francesgearhart.com/
https://www.annexgalleries.com/artists/biography/781/Gearhart/Frances
http://womenoutwest.blogspot.com/2015/11/frances-hammell-gearhart-printmaker-and.html

Born January 2~ Slava Raškaj

Slava Raškaj (January 2, 1877-March 29, 1906) was a Croatian watercolorist.
Biography on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slava_Ra%C5%A1kaj

Yellow Cock and White Hen / 1899 / Watercolor
Moderna Galerija, Zagreb, Croatia

Water Lilies I / 1899 / Watercolor
Moderna Galerija, Zagreb, Croatia

Partage Plus online visual database: http://partage.muo.hr/?object=list&find=Slava+Ra%C5%A1kaj
Further reading:
http://hirc.botanic.hr/vrt/english/new/Slava_raskaj.htm
https://www.pragmaprojects.com/deafhistory/index.php/component/zoo/item/slava-raskaj
https://awarewomenartists.com/en/artiste/slava-raskaj/