In Flanders Field-Where Soldiers Sleep and Poppies Grow / Robert Vonnoh
1890 / Oil on canvas / 58”x104” / The Butler Institute of American Art
In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie,
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.
“In Flanders Fields” is a poem written by the Canadian army physician and poet John McCrae. He wrote it in early May 1915 in his medical aid station near Essex farm, 2 km to the north of the centre of Ypres. The poem was published on 8 December 1915. John McCrae died on 28 January 1918, while in charge of the Canadian General Hospital in Boulogne. He is buried in Wimereux cemetery (Pas-de-Calais, France).
“In Flanders Field” became popular almost immediately upon its publication. It was translated into other languages and used on billboards advertising Victory Loan Bonds in Canada. The poppy soon became known as the flower of remembrance for the men and women in Britain, France, the United States, and Canada who have died in service of their country.
^^ (Learn more by clicking on hyperlinks) ^^
The Birthplace of “In Flanders Fields”
How the poppy became the symbol of sacrifice
A Wall Of Poppies On The National Mall Honors Fallen Soldiers
Dedicate a digital poppy online:
Helen Frankenthaler (1928-2011), American pivotal in the transition from Abstract Expressionism to Color Field painting http://www.frankenthalerfoundation.org/helen/biography
Nature Abhors a Vacuum / 1973 / Acrylic on canvas / 103 1/2”x112 1/2”
Yayoi Kusama (Born 1929), Japanese self-described “obsessional artist” employs painting, sculpture, performance art, and installation https://www.britannica.com/biography/Yayoi-Kusama
Aftermath of Obliteration of Eternity / 2009 / Wood, metal, glass mirrors, plastic, acrylic paint, LED lighting system, and water / 163 1/2”x163 1/2”x113 1/4”
K is for Kate…Kate Greenaway
Kate Greenaway, English artist and book illustrator, was born in London on March 17, 1846. She was the daughter of John Greenaway, a well-known draughtsman and engraver on wood and Elizabeth Catherine Jones, a seamstress and children’s clothing designer. Her early education included life drawing and watercolor painting classes at Heatherleys in Chelsea and at the Slade School of Fine Art. She began to exhibit her drawings and watercolors in 1868 at London’s Dudley Gallery, and her first published illustrations appeared in such magazines as Little Folks.
With her father’s connections in the trade she was able to convince Edmund Evans, a well known color printer, to publish her first collection of poetry and drawings, Under the Window, in 1879. He was able to translate all the charm of Greenaway’s idyllic pastoral scenes to paper through a costly process that involved the photographing of her dainty water colors on to wood blocks. Against expert advice Evans published only 20,000 copies which immediately sold out and a second printing of 70,000 was produced.
Read more here: http://www.clevelandart.org/research/in-the-library/collection-in-focus/k-kate…kate-greenaway
Still more about Kate Greenaway here: http://www.victorianweb.org/victorian/art/illustration/greenaway/index.html and here: http://www.abebooks.com/books/RareBooks/illustration-under-window-medal/Kate-Greenaway.shtml
Illuminations in “Scivias” Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179)
German abbess, writer, composer, mystic, and perhaps artist; it is unclear how involved she was in the illustrations
Das Weltall (The Universe) / c.1165 / Manuscript illumination from “Scivias” by Hildegard of Bingen
Herrad von Landsberg (c.1130-1195)
Alsatian abbess, artist, author, poet, composer, and educator
Hell / c.1180 / Colored pen and ink drawing on paper, original no longer available