Alexander Milne Calder: Born August 23(?), 1846

BigBillyAlexander Milne Calder was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, the son of a tombstone carver. He began his career in Scotland, working for sculptor John Rhind, the father of sculptor J. Massey Rhind while attending the Royal Academy in Edinburgh. He moved to London and worked on the Albert Memorial. Calder immigrated to the United States in 1868 and settled in Philadelphia…In 1873, he was hired by architect John McArthur, Jr. to produce models for the architectural sculpture of Philadelphia City Hall. The commission involved more than 250 pieces in marble and bronze, and took Calder 20 years to complete.~Wikipedia

On Calder’s Birthday~
http://www.calder.org/news/blog/on-calders-birthday/
City Hall (Philadelphia)~ http://philadelphiaencyclopedia.org/archive/city-hall-philadelphia/
Find A Grave: Alexander Milne Calder~ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=35125639
The Calder Family Legacy: Sculpting a City’s Image~
http://www.artesmagazine.com/?p=16248

The World’s First Cartoon: Fantasmagorie (1908)

  • On the 17th of August 1908, Fantasmagorie, the first fully animated feature film was released in Paris by the Gaumont company. Created by Emile Cohl, Fantasmagorie is considered one of the masterpieces of animated cinema and of early cinema as a whole. Done in a white-on-black style, reminiscent of a film negative, the film broke with the realist tradition emerging in live action at the time. It was much more stylized and fantastic, in some ways anticipating the surrealist movement of later decades.
    https://artlark.org/2016/08/17/fantasmagorie-the-first-ever-cartoon/

Cecil B. DeMille: Born August 12, 1881

“If 1,000 years from now, archaeologists happen to dig beneath the sands of Guadalupe, I hope they will not rush into print with the amazing news that Egyptian civilization, far from being confined to the valley of the Nile, extended all the way to the Pacific coast of North America.”  ~”The Autobiography of Cecil B. DeMille,” 1959

So why did DeMille choose to bulldoze his set, rather than truck it back to Los Angeles?
“I think there were two things were going on,” Brosnan said, starting with DeMille’s pledge to leave the site as he’d found it. “Hauling away all that statuary would have been very expensive … so I think he pulled a fast one and buried it.”
In addition, he said, “(DeMille) knew that if he left it standing … the very next day somebody would be there filming a quickie on his set and they’d be on the streets with it in a few weeks. He was protecting his patent by taking it down.”
http://www.kcet.org/arts/artbound/counties/santa-barbara/cecil-b-demill-ten-commandments-excavation-nipomo-dunes.html

California Historical Society: Stills from “The Ten Commandments” 1923
Lost City of DeMille is a 1923 Film Set Buried in the Dunes
Cecil B. Demille’s biography

August 9, 1945: “Fat Man” is dropped over Nagasaki

In pictures: Nagasaki bombing~ http://www.bbc.com/news/in-pictures-33769566
What Nagasaki looked like before and after the bomb~ https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2015/08/09/what-nagasaki-looked-like-before-and-after-the-bomb/?tid=pm_world_pop_b

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Nagasaki Official Visitor Guide: Peace Park~ http://visit-nagasaki.com/spots/detail/209
The Art of Peace, Nagasaki~ http://nuclearfutures.org/the-art-of-peace-nagasaki/

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August 6, 1945: Enola Gay drops 5-ton bomb over Hiroshima

Composed in 1953 (eight years after the city’s bombing, and coinciding with the end of the American occupation of Japan), its six inner movements were inspired by six paintings by Iri and Toshi Maruki (the score’s original title was The Hiroshima Panels ), framed by a Prelude and Elegy.   http://www.arkivmusic.com/classical/Name/Masao-Ohki/Composer/148971-1

MARUKI GALLERY FOR THE HIROSHIMA PANELS

Paintings bring Japan’s hellish aftermath into vivid focus

Against Forgetting: Three Generations of Artists in Japan in Dialogue about the Legacies of World War II

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum WesSite~ http://hpmmuseum.jp/?lang=eng

Roberta Dodd Crawford: Born August 5, 1897

CrawfordIn the 1920s and 1930s, Bonham mezzo-soprano Roberta Dodd Crawford (1897-1954) shot across the concert world like a rare comet, blazing with talent and demonstrating the power of black performers to seriously engage American and European critics and audiences. In the end, through bad luck and poor circumstance, she flamed out, dying broke and forgotten by the world she had made richer by her incandescent presence.

She came from humble circumstances, spent long years training her remarkable voice, toured extensively in the U.S. and France, socialized and worked with fellow ex-patriots in Paris during the 1920s and early 1930s, married an American World War I hero and, later, an African prince; and suffered physically and mentally while under Nazi detention during World War II.
http://ntxe-news.com/cgi-bin/artman/exec/view.cgi?archive=51&num=81273

Texas State Historical Association~ https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fcr69

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Auguste Bartholdi: Born on August 2, 1834

2In 1865, a French political intellectual and anti-slavery activist named Edouard de Laboulaye proposed that a statue representing liberty be built for the United States. This monument would honor the United States’ centennial of independence and the friendship3 with France. French sculptor Auguste Bartholdi supported Laboulaye’s idea and in 1870 began designing the statue of “Liberty Enlightening the World.”
While Bartholdi was designing the Statue, he also took a trip to the United States in 1871. During the trip, Bartholdi selected Bedloe’s Island as the site for the Statue. Although the island was small, it was visible to every ship entering New York Harbor, which Bartholdi viewed as the “gateway to America.”
Creating the Statue of Liberty~ http://www.nps.gov/stli/learn/historyculture/places_creating_statue.htm

1Stunning Photos of the Statue of Liberty Being Built in Paris~
http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2013/06/insane-pictures-of-the-statue-of-liberty-being-constructed-in-paris.html

Vintage Photos: Construction of the Statue of Liberty in Paris and NYC~
http://untappedcities.com/2013/10/28/vintage-photos-construction-statue-of-liberty-paris-nyc/

Biography of Auguste Bartholdi~ http://www.statue-de-la-liberte.com/en/Auguste-Bartholdi.php

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Pressing On: The Letterpress Film

The modern world was born on a printing press. Once essential to communication, the 500-year-old process is now in danger of being lost as its caretakers age. From self-proclaimed basement hoarders to the famed Hatch Show Print, Pressing On: The Letterpress Film explores the question: why has letterpress survived in a digital age?

Worlds of each character emerge as unusual narratives—joyful, mournful, reflective and visionary—are punctuated with on-screen visual poetry, every shot meticulously composed. Captivating personalities blend with wood, metal and type as young printers strive to save this historic process in a film created for the designer, type nerd, historian and collector in us all.

 

via Pressing On: The Letterpress Film

http://www.printmag.com/design-inspiration/the-letterpress-journals-guardians-of-the-craft/