April 28, 1253~ Invocation of Nam-Myoho-Renge-Kyo established by Buddhist priest Nichiren

Nichiren in the Snow at Tsukahara on Sado Island by Utagawa Kuniyoshi

c.1830–36 / Woodblock print; ink and color on paper / 9 5/8”x14 9/16”
Various collections, including Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Previous April 28 posts:

Spring~ April 28

Nelle Harper Lee: April 28, 1926 – February 19, 2016

Artist Birthday Quiz for 4/28~

April 16, 1947~ Bernard Baruch coins term “Cold War”

Area of Agreement by Herblock

1954 / Washington Post; reprinted in Herblock’s Here and Now
The Opper Project, Department of History, Ohio State University

On this day in 1947, Bernard Baruch, the multimillionaire financier and adviser to presidents from Woodrow Wilson to Harry S. Truman, coined the term “Cold War” to describe the increasingly chilly relations between two World War II Allies: the United States and the Soviet Union.
A Visual Guide to the Cold War~ https://coldwar.unc.edu/

Previous April 16 posts:

Spring~ April 16

Dorothy P. Lathrop: Born April 16, 1891

Garth Williams: Born on April 16, 1912

Artist Birthday Quiz for 4/16~

April 4, 1968~ Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, TN

Martin Luther King, Jr. by John Woodrow Wilson

Pictured: 2002 / Etching and aquatint on chine collé / Image: 30 1/2″x27 3/4″ /
Various collections (edition of 50) incl. Minneapolis Institute of Art, MN
1985 / Original (smaller) drawing: pastel on cream Japanese paper / Sheet: 21 15/16”x20 13/16” / Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Previous April 4 posts:

Spring~ April 4

William Henry Jackson: Born on April 4, 1843

April 4~

Artist Birthday Quiz for 4/4~

March 15, 44 BC~ Julius Caesar is murdered

“Beware the Ides of March”

The Dead Caesar by Jean-Léon Gérôme

c.1859 / Graphite on wove paper / 6 9/16″x12 13/16″ / National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
































Previous March 15 posts:

March 15~ Women’s History Month in visual arts

Artist Birthday Quiz for 3/15~

March 13, 1759~ First predicted perihelion(*) of Halley’s Comet

Illustration of a Comet from The Book of Miracles, Unknown artist, Augsburg, Germany

c.1552 / Gouache and watercolor / approx. 9 1/2”x13 1/2” / Augsburg Book of Miraculous Signs

In 1705 English astronomer Edmond Halley published the first catalog of the orbits of 24 comets. His calculations showed that comets observed in 1531, 1607, and 1682 had very similar orbits. Halley suggested that they were really one comet that returned approximately every 76 years, and he predicted that comet’s return in 1758. Halley did not live to see his prediction come true (he died in 1742), but the comet was sighted late in 1758, passed perihelion —(*)closest distance to the Sun — March 13, 1759, and was named in Halley’s honour. Its periodic returns demonstrated that it was in orbit around the Sun and, thus, that at least some comets were members of the solar system.

Previous March 13 posts:

March 13~ Women’s History Month in visual arts

Al Jaffee: Born March 13, 1921

William James Glackens: March 13, 1870-May 22, 1938

March 13~

Artist Birthday Quiz for 3/13~

March 4, 1522~ Anne Boleyn’s official debut at the English court

Portrait Drawing of a Woman Traditionally Believed to be Anne Boleyn
by Hans Holbein the Younger

c.1500-1536 / Black & colored chalks on paper / 11”x7 3/5” / Royal Collection Trust, Windsor Castle, London

Previous March 4 posts:

March 4~ Women’s History Month in visual arts

March 4~

Artist Birthday Quiz for 3/4~

February 18, 1564~ Michelangelo dies in Rome, Italy

Tomb of Michelangelo / Designed by Giorgio Vasari

The Basilica di Santa Croce (Basilica of the Holy Cross) is the principal Franciscan church in Florence, Italy, and a minor basilica of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Basilica became popular with Florentines as a place of worship and patronage and it became customary for greatly honoured Florentines to be buried or commemorated there.

After [Michelangelo’s] death in 1564, Duke Cosimo de’ Medici commissioned Giorgio Vasari to coordinate and create the memorial, which was finished in 1578. Alongside the artist, 66 members of the Buonarroti family are buried here.

He is surrounded by three allegorical statues representing…Painting (by Giovan Battista Lorenzi), Sculpture (by Valerio Cioli) and Architecture (by Giovan Battista Lorenzi) all of three which are shown in mourning.

Michelangelo: Divine Draftsman and Designer~ https://www.metmuseum.org/exhibitions/listings/2017/michelangelo/exhibition-object-highlights

The Sonnets of Michelangelo~ https://publicdomainreview.org/collections/the-sonnets-of-michelangelo-1904-edition/

See also: https://schristywolfe.com/2016/09/08/september-8-1504-michelangelos-david-is-unveiled-in-florence/

Previous February 18 posts:

February 18~ African-American visual artists

Louis Comfort Tiffany: Born February 18, 1848

Yoko Ono: Born February 18, 1933

Artist Birthday Quiz for 2/18~

Winter~ January 25

January by Grant Wood

January is the first of Wood’s five lithographs relating to a specific month, and he may have planned to make one for each of the months. Although landscapes were common in his work, the artist rarely showed them in winter, but in the lithos he returned to that season with two of his last works, February and December Afternoon.
link for pdf file (note: immediately downloads upon clicking)
Grant Wood’s Lithographs: A Regionalist Vision Set in Stone, Hillstrom Museum of Art

1938 / Lithograph on paper / 8 7 ⁄8”x11 7 ⁄8” / Various collections

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This impressive drawing relates to a series of lithographs—which Wood planned but never completed—representing all the seasons and months of the year. He made finished drawings depicting four of the months, and this is the only subject of which he also made a painting. Contrary to the usual evolution of a composition, he made the lithograph first, in 1937, then this drawing, in 1938, and finally the painting, in 1940.  https://www.artic.edu/artworks/228478/january

1938 / Charcoal, smudging and erasure, and white Conté crayon on tan paperboard / 20 1/2”x26 3/4” / The Art Institute of Chicago, IL

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One of the last paintings Wood created before his untimely death from liver cancer, January has a decidedly nostalgic cast. According to the artist, the painting was “deeply rooted in the memories of my early childhood on an Iowa farm. . . . it is a land of plenty here which seems to rest, rather than suffer, under the cold.”   https://clevelandart.org/art/2002.2

1940-1941 / Oil on masonite panel /26 1/3″x32 2/5″ / The Cleveland Museum of Art, OH