February 14~ African-American visual artists

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jackie Ormes (1911-1985), First African-American Female Syndicated Cartoonist
http://theweeklychallenger.com/jackie-ormes-the-first-professional-african-american-woman-cartoonist/

Torchy in Heartbeats / The Ohio State University Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum

Romare Bearden (1911-1988), Prominent African-American artist and writer
https://beardenfoundation.org/romare-bearden/

Sunday After Sermon / 1969 / Collage on cardboard / 40”x50”

 

February 12~ African-American visual artists

Loïs Mailou Jones (1905-1998)
African-American painter, educator, and champion of international black artists
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lois-Mailou-Jones

Jeanne, Martiniquaise / 1938 / Oil on canvas / 24”x28 1/2”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elmer Simms Campbell (1906-1971)
First African-American illustrator to break the color line in mass-market publications
https://www.lambiek.net/artists/s/simms_campbell_e.htm

New Yorker cover / February 3rd, 1934 / Painting

Artist Birthday Quiz for 1/29~

This painter played an important role in the formative years of the New York School, but did not achieve recognition for his own work until late in his career.

Despite 27 years of  clashes with Disney, this artist and children’s book author rose through the ranks to become both illustrator and screenwriter before finally leaving.

Answers here~ https://schristywolfe.com/2015/01/29/january-29/

Artist Birthday Quiz for 1/26~

What 18th century French artist made his reputation with his acclaimed marble sculpture of Mercury, now in the Louvre?

What Pulitzer Prize-winning Village Voice satirical cartoonist went on to author books, plays, revues, and screenplays?

Answers here~ https://schristywolfe.com/2015/01/26/january-26/

Artist Birthday Quiz for 1/17~

What American figurative sculptor’s lifelike figures, made of cast fiberglass and polyester resin and dressed in everyday clothes, often fooled the public into believing that they were viewing real people?

What cartoonist left Havana for New York in May 1960, knowing only Spanish, but with his daughter acting as interpreter went to the offices of Mad Magazine with his drawings and was hired on the spot?

Answers here~ http://tinyurl.com/zkau5xz

Artist Birthday Quiz for 1/10~

This prominent late 19th/early 20th century illustrator’s most famous poster was a young woman dressed in a Navy uniform with the caption, “If I were a man, I would join the Navy”.

This American artist’s images depicted the flapper era in a way that both satirized and influenced the styles of the time, and have continued to define the jazz age for subsequent generations.

Answers here~ https://schristywolfe.com/2016/01/10/january-10/

Artist Birthday Quiz for 9/6~

What Mad Magazine artist studied architecture at the University of Mexico, despite having already begun his cartooning career at age 17 by selling professionally to a wide array of Mexican publications?

What Post-Minimal painter also designed two large mosaic murals for the New York City subway system: one at the 59th Street/Lexington Avenue station and another at the 23rd Street/Ely Avenue Station?

Answers here~ https://schristywolfe.com/2015/09/06/september-6/

The World’s First Cartoon: Fantasmagorie (1908)

  • On the 17th of August 1908, Fantasmagorie, the first fully animated feature film was released in Paris by the Gaumont company. Created by Emile Cohl, Fantasmagorie is considered one of the masterpieces of animated cinema and of early cinema as a whole. Done in a white-on-black style, reminiscent of a film negative, the film broke with the realist tradition emerging in live action at the time. It was much more stylized and fantastic, in some ways anticipating the surrealist movement of later decades.
    https://artlark.org/2016/08/17/fantasmagorie-the-first-ever-cartoon/

Max Fleischer: Born July 19, 1883

In 1900 Max began to work as an errand boy at the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. By 1904 he was a staff artist.MF2 In 1905 he married his childhood sweetheart, Essie Gold; they had two children. After he left the Eagle, Max briefly did artwork for two companies and then became art editor of Popular Science Monthly in 1914. There his childhood interest in mechanical matters was reignited.

In fact, it was a mechanical problem that pulled Max Fleischer into the field of animation. Early animation was frequently very choppy. Max theorized that if live-action footage were traced, frame by frame, fluid motion could be achieved. He enlisted the help of his brothers Dave and Joe, and the three developed the Rotoscope, a camera mounted under a piece of frosted glass with a crank to advance the film, so each frame could be traced.

MF1It took the brothers a week to build the Rotoscope, but it was a full year before they finished their first cartoon. Dave donned a clown suit, and Max and Joe filmed him. Then they traced the clown on the Rotoscope. Work on the cartoon was completed in 1916, and a patent for the Rotoscope came through a year later.
http://anb.org/articles/20/20-01567.html

The Fleischers put popular, modern music at the center of many of their films, building entire cartoons around jazz legends such as Cab Calloway, Louis Armstrong and Don Redman. These cartoons often featured the Fleischers’ signature MF3combination of live action and animation; in fact the earliest known footage of Cab Calloway in performance can be seen in the Fleischer classic Minnie the Moocher.

In 1929 the Studio made a major agreement with Paramount that would allow Paramount to distribute all Fleischer films. That same year the Studio changed its name to ‘Fleischer Studios.’
http://www.fleischerstudios.com/history.html


OUT OF THE INKWELL~  https://youtu.be/KHDeCkDUNlk
Max Fleischer NEWS SKETCHES compilation~ https://archive.org/details/max_fleischer_news_sketches
Lambiek Comiclopedia~  https://www.lambiek.net/artists/f/fleischer_max.htm