The World’s First Cartoon: Fantasmagorie (1908)

  • On the 17th of August 1908, Fantasmagorie, the first fully animated feature film was released in Paris by the Gaumont company. Created by Emile Cohl, Fantasmagorie is considered one of the masterpieces of animated cinema and of early cinema as a whole. Done in a white-on-black style, reminiscent of a film negative, the film broke with the realist tradition emerging in live action at the time. It was much more stylized and fantastic, in some ways anticipating the surrealist movement of later decades.
    https://artlark.org/2016/08/17/fantasmagorie-the-first-ever-cartoon/

Max Fleischer: Born July 19, 1883

In 1900 Max began to work as an errand boy at the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. By 1904 he was a staff artist.MF2 In 1905 he married his childhood sweetheart, Essie Gold; they had two children. After he left the Eagle, Max briefly did artwork for two companies and then became art editor of Popular Science Monthly in 1914. There his childhood interest in mechanical matters was reignited.

In fact, it was a mechanical problem that pulled Max Fleischer into the field of animation. Early animation was frequently very choppy. Max theorized that if live-action footage were traced, frame by frame, fluid motion could be achieved. He enlisted the help of his brothers Dave and Joe, and the three developed the Rotoscope, a camera mounted under a piece of frosted glass with a crank to advance the film, so each frame could be traced.

MF1It took the brothers a week to build the Rotoscope, but it was a full year before they finished their first cartoon. Dave donned a clown suit, and Max and Joe filmed him. Then they traced the clown on the Rotoscope. Work on the cartoon was completed in 1916, and a patent for the Rotoscope came through a year later.
http://anb.org/articles/20/20-01567.html

The Fleischers put popular, modern music at the center of many of their films, building entire cartoons around jazz legends such as Cab Calloway, Louis Armstrong and Don Redman. These cartoons often featured the Fleischers’ signature MF3combination of live action and animation; in fact the earliest known footage of Cab Calloway in performance can be seen in the Fleischer classic Minnie the Moocher.

In 1929 the Studio made a major agreement with Paramount that would allow Paramount to distribute all Fleischer films. That same year the Studio changed its name to ‘Fleischer Studios.’
http://www.fleischerstudios.com/history.html


OUT OF THE INKWELL compilation~  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ERprYNMQPhM
Max Fleischer NEWS SKETCHES compilation~ https://archive.org/details/max_fleischer_news_sketches
Lambiek Comiclopedia~  https://www.lambiek.net/artists/f/fleischer_max.htm

Artist Birthday Quiz for 6/15~

What Seventeenth Century painter explained that, to him, various subjects made different demands on an artist and required very different expressive means to properly fulfill them?

What artist–renowned for drawings, paintings, prints, collages, and sculpture–drew the famous 1976 New Yorker cover “View of the World from 9th Avenue”?

Answers here~ https://schristywolfe.com/2015/06/15/june-15/

Artist Birthday Quiz for 6/14~

What British author and illustrator, best known for his humorous cartoon drawings in the 1930s and 1940s, was once a salesman of advertising space for the Daily Telegraph?

What politically radical graphic artist of the 1930s went on to acclaim as an illustrator of dozens of children’s and nature books?

Answers here~ https://schristywolfe.com/2015/06/14/june-14/

Bob Clampett: Born May 8, 1913

Time for Beany! 9-24-50 (2 of 2)~ https://youtu.be/TUSGHun-WKc

In 1949, Clampett created “Time for Beany,” a 15-minute daily live puppet show for KTTV in Los Angeles. Played by legendary voice actor Daws Butler, Beany was a cheerful lad who flew with the help of his propeller-driven beanie. His devoted friend was Cecil the Sea-Sick Sea Serpent – voiced by the great Stan Freberg…”Time for Beany” quickly gained a following and graduated to daily syndication as part of the short-lived Paramount Television Network in an extended half-hour format.

Matty’s Funnies, Beany & Cecil 1962‬~
https://youtu.be/BJMa1EyIdes
https://youtu.be/X1VWo7HdXrg
https://youtu.be/gt0mYBrLlLM
https://youtu.be/WBVfeozyBsg
https://youtu.be/025-g4T36VY

By 1961, “Time for Beany” had been transformed from a live-action puppet show into a cartoon series, re-titled “Beany and Cecil” (ABC, 1962) and produced and directed by Clampett through his own Bob Clampett Productions…Although only a single season of “Beany and Cecil” was produced, the cartoon resided in syndication on the network’s daytime children’s lineup from spring 1962 through fall 1966.


>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/person/337477|0/Bob-Clampett/biography.html <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

Artist Birthday Quiz for 5/5~

This Philippine painter is best remembered for painting landscapes, portraits, and everyday scenes with people depicted as simple yet regal in their daily activities.

This artist worked on the classic ‘Mickey Mouse’ newspaper strip, and is the artist that shaped Mickey’s comics character and gave him his first big adventures.

Answers here~ https://schristywolfe.com/2015/05/05/may-5/

Myron Waldman: Born on April 23, 1908

http://www.nytimes.com/2006/02/06/arts/television/06waldman.html

Myron Waldman (April 23, 1908-February 4, 2006) was an American animator, best known for his work at Fleischer Studio…He started his first career work in 1930 at Fleischer Studio. At Fleischer he worked on Betty Boop, Raggedy Ann, Gulliver’s Travels, the animated adaptations of Superman, and Popeye. He was head animator on two Academy Award nominated shorts, Educated Fish (1937) and Hunky and Spunky (1939).

Premiered April 8: “La Gioconda”

Composer Amilcare Ponchielli was born in Italy in 1834. He started composing operas while still a student at the Milan Conservatory. After graduating in 1854, he held various positions over the years, including professor of composition at the Conservatory; his pupils included Giacomo Puccini and Pietro Mascagni. His most famous opera is “La Gioconda”, written in 1876. It is mainly remembered for its ballet, Dance of the Hours.

Dance of the Hours stands out as the only operatic ballet from this genre to have established a life of its own both inside the concert hall and in pop culture…Perhaps the most iconic use of this music is in Disney’s 1940 film “Fantasia”, where it underscores the questionable talents of a dance company comprised of hippos, ostriches, and alligators. Later it surfaced again as a number two hit on the pop charts in 1963, this time with words by parodist Alan Sherman. It may be difficult now to listen to this music without remembering the opening words of an alarmist child’s letter to his parents from summer camp: “Hello Mudda, Hello Fadda…”.
http://www.laphil.com/philpedia/music/dance-of-hours-from-la-gioconda-amilcare-ponchielli

Ponchielli’s biography~ http://www.allmusic.com/artist/amilcare-ponchielli-mn0000496351/biography

Synopsis of “La Gioconda“~ https://www.thoughtco.com/la-sonnambula-synopsis-724264

Artist Birthday Quiz for 1/10~

This prominent late 19th/early 20th century illustrator’s most famous poster was a young woman dressed in a Navy uniform with the caption, “If I were a man, I would join the Navy”.

This American artist’s images depicted the flapper era in a way that both satirized and influenced the styles of the time, and have continued to define the jazz age for subsequent generations.

Answers here~ https://schristywolfe.com/2016/01/10/january-10/