Clifford K. Berryman (1869-1949) was a Pulitzer Prize–winning editorial cartoonist, perhaps best known for inspiring the Teddy Bear toy. As a draftsman, illustrator, and cartoonist, Berryman always worked in pen and ink. Berryman satirized both Democrats and Republicans with a light-hearted approach.
Born April 2, 1869 in Clifton, Kentucky, he never attended art school and was entirely self-taught. His first job, in 1886, was as a draftsman at the United States Patent Office in D.C. From 1891 to 1896, he worked as a general illustrator and it was during this time that he learned cartooning by studying contemporary cartoons and copying the artist’ styles.
Berryman’s illustration entitled “And Boys, Remember the Maine!”, which appeared in the Washington Post on April 3, 1898, depicts an angry Uncle Sam addressing sailors as the USS Maine sinks in the background. “Remember the Maine,” became the battle-cry for American sailors during the Spanish-American War.
Berryman originated the “Teddy Bear” in his illustration “Drawing the Line in Mississippi”, published November 16, 1902 in the Post. It showed President Theodore Roosevelt refusing to shoot a captured cub during a bear hunt. This is the cartoon which inspired New York store owner Morris Michtom to create a new toy and call it the Teddy Bear. This little bear appeared in cartoons drawn by Berryman throughout Roosevelt’s career.
Berryman drew thousands of cartoons, first with the Washington Post and then with the Washington Star, where he drew cartoons until his death on December 11, 1949. Berryman’s cartoons can be found at the Library of Congress, the National Archives, and George Washington University.
Running for Office: Candidates, Campaigns, and the Cartoons of Clifford Berryman~
The number of works by Eric Hebborn in public collections will never be certain. Between the early 1960s and his death in 1996, Hebborn created an estimated 1,000 drawings in the manner of various Old Masters, artfully mixed in with thousands more of legitimate origin that he handled as a dealer. Though dozens of the fakes have been detected by curators, and more were revealed by Hebborn himself in his notoriously mischievous 1991 autobiography, Drawn to Trouble, the vast majority remain in circulation under names other than his own.
The sheer variety of known Hebborn fakes has further complicated the task of finding his undisclosed forgeries. He drew convincingly as Andrea Mantegna and Nicolas Poussin, Giovanni Battista Piranesi and Peter Paul Rubens, Thomas Gainsborough and Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot. He could even limn the 20th century, illicitly expanding the oeuvres of Augustus John and David Hockney.
Forgery and Plagiarism
Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, edited by Ruth Chadwick. 4 vols. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998.
Denis Dutton http://www.denisdutton.com/forgery_and_plagiarism.htm
Art forger Eric Hebborn collection sells for thousands
This English artist was Director of the National Gallery and President of the Royal Academy at the turn of the last century.
This artist became one of the leaders of the Glasgow boys, a group of young painters committed to the ideals of naturalism.
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Simon Vouet (1590-1649)
Ronnie Landfield (1947)
This 16th century Italian artist established the local tradition of historical fresco painting through his many decorations of Genoese churches and palaces.
This Flemish artist was active in the southern Netherlands at the time when demand was high for decorative schemes embodying the tenets of the Counter-Reformation.
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Jean-Louis Forain (1852-1931)
Edward Kienholz (1927-1994)
Which 18th century landscape painter and his brother, two of the many famous painters from the Dutch city of Dordrecht, were pupils of their father?
Which photographer studied painting in college but pursued photography instead, becoming best known for her portraits of VIPs and celebrities?
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F. Luis Mora (1874-1940)
Albert Wein (1915-1991)
George Grosz (1893-1959)
Lucien Wercollier (1908-2002)