To achieve accuracy in his enormous Raft of the Medusa, for which Eugène Delacroix posed as one of the figures, this painter used a model of the raft and carefully studied real cadavers.
This photographer was educated as a sociologist and was past thirty when he seriously took up photography; he saw the medium as a means of studying and describing the social conditions around him.
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Which American painter and graphic artist gained fame in the early thirties for a series of paintings on the trial of the anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti, beginning a career which constantly addressed various social and political causes?
Which New Deal arts program muralist intentionally manipulated the topography in his 1937 Pittsburgh Panorama for that city’s Federal Courthouse and Post Office so that the finished image would resemble a hammer and sickle?
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Although not the first person to attempt to catalog all the birds of America, for half a century this painter was the country’s dominant wildlife artist.
This French Romantic painter was also a renowned lithographer who illustrated works by Shakespeare, Goethe, Byron, and Scott.
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Which artist decided to start a domestic furnishing company along with the friends who assisted him in designing the interior of his own home?
What artist was initially drawn to music, but began exhibiting as a painter in 1909 in Amsterdam?
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What artist, who rose to fame with illustrations mocking the customs of French society during the Belle Époque, was also a painter, printmaker and draftsman?
What French-born American photographer built 4 customized telephoto lenses and 3 close-up cameras, with which he magnified the beauty and intricacies of the world?
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Alois Senefelder (1771-1834) was an Austrian actor and playwright who invented the printing technique of lithography in 1798. Born Aloys Johann Nepomuk Franz Senefelder in Prague where his actor father was appearing on stage. He was educated in Munich and won a scholarship to study law at Ingolstadt. The death of his father in 1791 forced him to leave his studies to support his mother and eight siblings, and he became an actor and wrote a successful play Connoisseur of Girls.
Problems with the printing of his play Mathilde von Altenstein caused him to fall into debt, and unable to afford to publish a new play he had written, Senefelder experimented with a novel etching technique using a greasy, acid resistant ink as a resist on a smooth fine-grained stone of Solnhofen limestone. He then discovered that this could be extended to allow printing from the flat surface of the…
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Lee Krasner (1908-1984)
Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997)