c.1931 / Oil on canvas / 43 1/16”x37 1/16” / Philadelphia Museum of Art
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c.1936 / Oil on canvas / 25 5/8”x25 5/8” / Tate Modern, London
1965 / Oil on canvas / 50”x40” / Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art, Brooklyn Museum
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1965 / Oil on canvas / 35 3/4”x35 3/4” / Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
In Flanders Field-Where Soldiers Sleep and Poppies Grow / Robert Vonnoh
1890 / Oil on canvas / 58”x104” / The Butler Institute of American Art
“In Flanders Fields” is a poem written by the Canadian army physician and poet John McCrae. He wrote it in early May 1915 in his medical aid station near Essex farm, 2 km to the north of the centre of Ypres. The poem was published on 8 December 1915. John McCrae died on 28 January 1918, while in charge of the Canadian General Hospital in Boulogne. He is buried in Wimereux cemetery (Pas-de-Calais, France).
“In Flanders Field” became popular almost immediately upon its publication. It was translated into other languages and used on billboards advertising Victory Loan Bonds in Canada. The poppy soon became known as the flower of remembrance for the men and women in Britain, France, the United States, and Canada who have died in service of their country.
While in her fifties Sewell first devised the idea to write her own book about horses. Initially intended, as she wrote in her diary, to be an instructional work to induce kindness, sympathy, and an understanding treatment of horses little did she know it would become a best-seller. Bustling Victorian London’s society, transportation and industry was dependent on horse power, but there were also emerging vegetarian and animal anti-cruelty groups. Through the trials and tribulations of Black Beauty we see a cross-section of the working conditions and quality of life for horses.
Black Beauty is widely credited with helping to change the way horses were cared for. There is little doubt that the book helped hasten the abolishment of the “bearing rein” — a strap used to pull a horse’s head in toward its chest to force the appearance of a noticeable arch of the neck. (This was a highly desired look in aristocratic society, but it created great pain and difficulty for the horses. The animals could not use their neck and chest muscles to pull weigh properly or to breathe correctly. The unnatural arch weakened the horses and usually led to respiratory problems.) Black Beauty also placed a harsh spotlight on the practice of “docking” or cutting short a horses tail, largely for the sake of appearances — a practice that is still widely debated.
How ‘Black Beauty’ Changed The Way We See Horses
Read Black Beauty online or download the free ebook:
Free downloads of Black Beauty in Mp3 (audiobook) format.
Beatrix Potter (1866-1943), English writer, illustrator, natural scientist, and conservationist
Elizabeth Shippen Green (1871-1954)
American illustrator; first female staff member of Harper’s Weekly
K is for Kate…Kate Greenaway
Kate Greenaway, English artist and book illustrator, was born in London on March 17, 1846. She was the daughter of John Greenaway, a well-known draughtsman and engraver on wood and Elizabeth Catherine Jones, a seamstress and children’s clothing designer. Her early education included life drawing and watercolor painting classes at Heatherleys in Chelsea and at the Slade School of Fine Art. She began to exhibit her drawings and watercolors in 1868 at London’s Dudley Gallery, and her first published illustrations appeared in such magazines as Little Folks.
With her father’s connections in the trade she was able to convince Edmund Evans, a well known color printer, to publish her first collection of poetry and drawings, Under the Window, in 1879. He was able to translate all the charm of Greenaway’s idyllic pastoral scenes to paper through a costly process that involved the photographing of her dainty water colors on to wood blocks. Against expert advice Evans published only 20,000 copies which immediately sold out and a second printing of 70,000 was produced.
Read more here: http://www.clevelandart.org/research/in-the-library/collection-in-focus/k-kate…kate-greenaway
Still more about Kate Greenaway here: http://www.victorianweb.org/victorian/art/illustration/greenaway/index.html and here: http://www.abebooks.com/books/RareBooks/illustration-under-window-medal/Kate-Greenaway.shtml
Chiara Varotari (1584-c.1663)
Italian Baroque painter, author, and founder of a school for the arts
Fede Galizia (c.1574-c.1630)
Italian printmaker, painter, and a pioneer of the still life genre
Illuminations in “Scivias” Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179)
German abbess, writer, composer, mystic, and perhaps artist; it is unclear how involved she was in the illustrations
Herrad von Landsberg (c.1130-1195)
Alsatian abbess, artist, author, poet, composer, and educator
Barbara Chase-Riboud (Born 1939)
African-American visual artist, novelist, and poet
Purvis Young (1943-2010)
African-American artist blending painting/drawing/collage
Roland L. Freeman (Born 1936)
African-American photographer, teacher, and documenter of Southern folk culture
Edythe (Edy) Boone (Born 1938)
African-American muralist, counselor, and art teacher