This French draughtsman, printmaker, sculptor, and painter was one of the most influential artists of the 20th century; his career spanned almost six and a half decades and his influence fundamentally altered the course of modern art.
This Harlem Renaissance sculptor was one of the first African American women to enroll in the Navy; she was commissioned to do a portrait of FDR and the profile of Roosevelt found on the U.S. dime is believed to be based on her artwork.
This Spanish artist with a prolific output that includes over 20,000 paintings, prints, drawings, sculptures, ceramics, theater sets, costumes — and even plays and poems — spent most of his adult life in France.
This late-blooming American expressionist painter and printmaker studied biochemical engineering at City College of New York for three years before switching to fine arts in his last year.
This 19th century American painter and illustrator, an accomplished artist before her marriage to a famous author, edited and published some of his notebooks after his death and then began working on her own writings.
After the outbreak of World War II, this German-French painter served in the Foreign Legion and later in the Free French; he was gravely wounded at the German Front and one of his legs was amputated.
This Dutch Golden Age artist, specializing in richly detailed flower paintings and other still lifes, often included an image of a red admiral butterfly (symbolizing life, death and resurrection) in various locations within her paintings.
This American artist, once described as combining “bad taste and good ideas”, worked in every conceivable medium — found objects, textile banners, assemblage, collage, drawing, painting, sculpture, performance, music, video, and photography.
This artist blazed a spectacular but short-lived trail through Flanders during the second quarter of the 16th Century as a painter, draftsman, sculptor, architect, designer, writer, publisher, traveler and entrepreneur.
This painter was one of the artists dubbed the Irascible 18 after she and 17 prominent Abstract Expressionists signed an open letter to the director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, accusing the museum of hostility to “advanced art”.