1978-1998 / Welded iron and steel armatures, wire mesh, concrete, mosaics of
mirrors, ceramics, and glass / Capalbio, Tuscany, Italy
[There are three embedded links above]
Previous October 29 posts:
None of them are dated, the case it seems of most of Lumiéres’ films. A contemporary report talked about the film shot on March 19 featuring a horse, so that rules out one version, which has a dog but sans horse. The other two versions must be judged by which looks more likely to have shot in March, from the workers’ clothes and the shadows they cast. What this uncertainty almost certainly means is that, after making what’s said to be the world’s first film, the Lumière brothers also made the world’s first remake, Fremaux joked.
Sortie d’usine – Lumière – Les 3 versions HD~https://youtu.be/qvgPEiw_q04
Toba Khedoori (Born 1964), Australian-born American artist known for detailed renderings on wall-size sheets of wax-treated paper https://www.davidzwirner.com/artists/toba-khedoori/biography
Kara Walker (Born 1969)
African-American contemporary painter, silhouettist, printmaker, installation artist, and filmmaker
Judy Chicago (Born 1939)
American feminist artist, art educator, and writer known for large collaborative art installations
Carrie Mae Weems (Born 1953)
African-American photographer, performance artist, activist, filmmaker, and videographer
Mark Bradford (Born 1961), African-American painter and mixed-media collage artist
Mickalene Thomas (Born 1971), African-American mixed-media artist, filmmaker, and curator
Gordon Parks (1912-2006), African-American photographer, writer, composer and filmmaker
Felrath Hines (1913-1993), African-American abstract painter and art conservator
Directed by Emilio Gómez Muriel, Fred Zinnemann
Music by Silvestre Revueltas
Cinematography by Paul Strand
Produced under trying circumstances and for very little money, Redes nevertheless became a classic Mexican film, launched several cinematic careers, and spearheaded a new transnational film movement in the process.
When shooting ended in November 1934, both Strand and Zinnemann returned to the States, leaving Gomez Muriel and Gunther von Fritsch, a boyhood friend of Zinnemann’s who had done some editing in Hollywood, to edit Redes. They faced problems at this stage too. Because Strand’s Akeley was a silent, hand-cranking camera, all the sound had to be added in postproduction, complicating the syncing and delaying the editing. Finally, Redes was released theatrically in 1936, accompanied by an impressive score by Silvestre Revueltas. Though David Alfaro Siqueiros would later call it “a work of dynamic realism, emotional intensity, and social outlook . . . a masterpiece,” it was a box-office disappointment in Mexico.
Its collectivist, pro-union story about the consciousness- raising of exploited fishermen resonated with the left-leaning politics in international artistic circles in the 1930s. As such, it is a fascinating document from an era when artists championed the rights of workers everywhere. For Strand, in particular, it was the realization of the kind of socially aware art he was searching for. (He would go on to be one of the cinematographers on Pare Lorentz’s 1936 Dust Bowl documentary The Plow That Broke the Plains and was director of photography on Native Land, a valiant, semidocumentary defense of unionism that he codirected, cowrote, and coedited in 1942.)
But Redes is cinematically noteworthy as well. As I’ve said, both Strand’s and Zinnemann’s styles were compellingly employed. Strand’s primary goal was to honor the fishermen and villagers, and his careful compositions centering them in the frame convey that. The funeral of Miro’s daughter, near the beginning of the film, is a good example of his deferential style perfectly capturing downbeat emotional content. That scene’s matching bookend— the fishermen’s impromptu procession carrying Miro’s body to the boat—is another. It culminates in one of Strand’s most memorable compositions: an impressive deep-focus shot that stretches from a cactus plant in the foreground to the dramatically placed low horizon line in the far distance.
Mary Frank (1933)
Fernand Léger (1881-1955)